By Richard Black, Godfried Engbersen, Marek Okólski, Cristina Pantîru
A Continent relocating West? argues that the conceptualization of migration as a one-way or long term technique is turning into more and more broad of the mark. quite, east-west exertions migration in Europe, in universal might be with different flows in and from different components of the realm, is various, fluid, and encouraged by way of the dynamics of neighborhood and sector-specific exertions markets and migration-related political laws. The papers during this publication give a contribution to severe knowing of the east-west migration in the eu Union after the 2004 growth, from the hot to the previous member states.
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Extra resources for A Continent Moving West?: EU Enlargement and Labour Migration from Central and Eastern Europe
1). According to the transitional restrictions, individual labour migrants who are employed in Norwegian firms must have a residence permit before they can start work in Norway. In order to get a residence permit, they need a contract for full-time work with a Norwegian company offering the same wages as stated in collective agreement, or whatever is normal pay in this occupation and sector. Individual labour migrants must pay taxes in Norway. After the transitional restrictions are lifted, no wage requirements will be needed to obtain a work permit.
But despite the fact that generalising collective agreements have levelled the legal playing field regarding wage requirements for individual labour migrants and posted workers, the asymmetric regulation of tax, residence and employer responsibilities still incentivises employers to use foreign subcontractors. This, in turn, boosts low wage competition and illegal working conditions among Polish subcontractors and service providers. As such, the asymmetric regulation regime for labour and the mobility of services has given rise to a differentiated labour market for Polish construction workers.
Thirty-six per cent of them say that they most likely will lose their jobs if they become ill, while none of those who are working legally say this. 13 According to the findings of this study, they seem to have worked relatively well for those Polish construction workers who are covered by them. That is not to say that these workers receive equal treatment with their Norwegian colleagues: there is no doubt that the huge majority of Polish construction workers are paid less than the sector average.