A Guide to United Kingdom and European Union Competition by Nick Gardner

By Nick Gardner

This e-book bargains with pageant coverage from the perspective of a company govt. It permits a hectic reader to head immediately to the enterprise perform with which he's involved and from there to a precis of the experts' remedy of that perform. while, it offers the reader who needs so as to add an appreciation of anti-trust compliance to his expert portfolio with a complete evaluation of the topic, including a advisor to valuable resources of additional info.

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The Commission adopts a two-stage procedure: . phase 1, which may last for up to one month, in which the Commission decides whether to permit the merger or to initiate a detailed phase 2 investigation, and during which undertakings14 may be offered and remedies may be agreed; . phase 2, lasting up to a further four months, during which oral hearings are held and the Advisory Committee on Concentrations is consulted. 15 Powers of investigation Something like 90 per cent of cases dealt with by the Commission are in response to applications and notifications, and the bulk of those cases are settled informally.

The executive work of the Commission is done by some 24 Directorates-General, each of which is the special responsibility of one of the Commissioners. The Directorate-General for Competition (DGIV) is divided into seven directorates: A Coordination and policy B Mergers C, D, E and F Concerted practices and abuse of a dominant position (the different directorates being responsible for different markets); and G State aids; to which has recently been added the Anti-Cartel Unit. Case officers or rapporteurs take responsibility for individual cases, for which they undertake economic and legal analyses, draft decisions and monitor compliance.

Economic welfare in that sense is, however, interpreted narrowly to include only 23 24 Sylvania 1977. Berkey Photo 1979. ) Some members of the Chicago School have put forward analytical procedures for determining the trade-off between losses of allocative efficiency resulting from restrictions upon competition, and offsetting gains in productive efficiency25. Others26 have argued that the task of measuring efficiency is itself impossible, and that all agreements which are `ancillary to an integration of productive economic activity' should be permitted ± including resale price maintenance The main influence of the Chicago School upon competition policy under the Reagan administration was a strong reluctance to take action, particularly against vertical restraints.

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