A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in by American Association for the Advancement of Science,

By American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of

An analogous applied sciences that gasoline medical advances additionally pose capability risks--that the data, instruments, and methods received via valid biotechnology examine might be misused to create organic guns or for bioterrorism. this is known as the twin use drawback of the existence sciences. but even study with the best capability for misuse may well supply major merits. opting for the right way to constrain the risk with out harming crucial medical examine is important for nationwide protection in addition to prosperity and overall healthiness. This booklet discusses a 2007 survey of yank organization for the development of technology (AAAS) individuals within the existence sciences approximately their wisdom of twin use matters and attitudes approximately their obligations to aid mitigate the hazards of misuse in their learn. total, the consequences recommend that there is substantial aid for ways to oversight that depend upon measures which are built and carried out through the clinical neighborhood itself. The responses additionally recommend that there's a have to make clear the scope of study actions of outrage and to supply tips approximately what activities scientists can take to lessen the chance that their study can be misused by means of people with malicious reason.

Show description

Read or Download A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science PDF

Similar specific topics books

Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change, Volume 28

Social flow suggestions and coalition dynamics in events are of the most well liked arenas for state of the art study. Many case reports provide invaluable analytical home windows during which we will comprehend the strategic offerings made by means of person move corporations. both if no more very important questions stay approximately how the positions a flow association occupies within the broader social move box affects strategic decision-making.

The Human Right to Water and its Application in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (Routledge Research in Human Rights Law)

The Human correct to Water and Its software within the Occupied Palestinian Territories presents an summary and exam of the human correct to water as made up our minds less than overseas human rights legislation. this can be a hugely topical factor, with the UN common meeting having handed a solution which publicizes entry to wash water and sanitation a human correct (New York, Jul 28 2010), the hot appointment of the UN self sufficient specialist at the factor of human rights tasks regarding entry to secure ingesting water and sanitation, and flow in the NGO neighborhood for a world water treaty.

Modern Stateless Warfare

This e-book specializes in rebel stateless war in its guerrilla and terrorist modes and in its nationalist, maoist and postmaoist levels of modernisation. Insurgency is in comparison with states battle and with illegal activity after which insurgents reason, skill and chance are analysed from social-science, army and environmental views.

The EU Comitology System in Theory and Practice: Keeping an Eye on the Commission?

European legislation contains numerous thousand acts of which the overpowering majority are made by way of the fee. The fee is managed through comitology, a procedure of committees of member country representatives which are consulted while new acts are proposed. This e-book appears to be like at why the approach was once created, the way it capabilities and the way it has advanced.

Extra info for A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Sample text

Enhance the harmful consequences of a biological agent or toxin b. Disrupt immunity or the effectiveness of an immunization without clinical and/or agricultural justification c. Confer to a biological agent or toxin, resistance to clinically and/or agriculturally useful prophylactic or therapeutic interventions against that agent or toxin or facilitate their ability to evade detection methodologies d. Increase the stability, transmissibility, or the ability to disseminate a biological agent or toxin e.

Org) to provide information about national and international activities. 22 The involvement of organizations such as WHO and OECD has added the important elements of global health and economic development to the more traditional security concerns represented by the BWC. This has also served to emphasize the need for a mix of policies to ensure that efforts to reduce the risk of misuse also allow continued scientific progress. A number of international scientific organizations have also become engaged on biosecurity issues.

2002) included a section on social and security implications of the experiment, but that the space limitations in the journal forced the removal of that section prior to publication (Federation of American Scientists 2008b; private communication from Eckard Wimmer to Kathleen Vogel). Prior to publication of his work on the synthesis of a bacteriophage (Smith et al. 2003), Craig Venter had discussions with government officials about the dual use implications of the research (Venter 2007). The authors were fully aware of the controversy that had occurred following publication of the Wimmer poliovirus synthesis paper and Venter has said he was prepared to modify the manuscript.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.63 of 5 – based on 36 votes