Animal Welfare and Meat Science by Neville G Gregory

By Neville G Gregory

Animal welfare matters have gotten more and more popular in animal prodution, for either financial and ethical purposes. This ebook provides a transparent knowing of the connection among the welfare of significant foodstuff animal species and their body structure, and the direct influence this has on meat caliber. This re-creation makes a speciality of fresh learn and advancements and likewise appears to be like into welfare in aquaculture.

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Often there can be significant blood loss following a broken pelvis, hip or shoulder, but there is less loss of blood with fractures of the long bones. Haemorrhaging from the liver into the abdominal cavity can also be fatal. Although the liver is in a well protected position in the upper abdomen, it is prone to three types of damage: lacerations, subcapsular haematomas and rupture. Lacerations occur, for example, when a hardantlered deer pushes its antler through the chest wall of another animal.

For further information on flight zone principles, refer to Grandin (1993a, 1998), and Kilgour and Dalton (1984). Cattle, pigs and sheep can become highly stressed if they are isolated from other animals. , 1994; Boissy and Boissou, 1995). A lone isolated cow can be very dangerous to handle. Isolation makes the animal fearful and it may charge handlers in an attempt to rejoin its herdmates. A lone agitated cow or steer is a common cause of handling accidents, and handlers should be instructed never to enter a crowding pen containing an agitated lone bovine.

Since counting individual pig squeals in a large group of pigs is impossible, a sound meter could be used to quantify squealing during handling. Vocalization scoring is not possible if an animal is immobilized by being paralysed with an electric current. This procedure prevents the animal from vocalizing. Several meatworks have considered introducing electroimmobilization to restrain cattle before stunning. , 1986; Pascoe, 1986; Rushen, 1986). It is the author’s opinion that the use of electricity to restrain conscious animals should be banned.

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