Aphid Biodiversity under Environmental Change: Patterns and by Pavel Kindlmann, A.F.G. Dixon, J.P. Michaud

By Pavel Kindlmann, A.F.G. Dixon, J.P. Michaud

This ebook provides thoroughly novel, but unpublished findings on aphid inhabitants dynamics and ecology within the context of contemporary environmental alterations and heavily similar matters. it may be used as complementary textual content in any direction on inhabitants dynamics and ecology of crop pests at undergraduate or graduate degrees. The publication is meant ordinarily for graduate scholars, researchers in crop technological know-how, crop safety, agricultural advisors and executives, however it would definitely allure consciousness of many people drawn to insect pests, their organic keep watch over and ecology.

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2 Aphids in a Changing World 23 Climate change may jeopardize the services provided by ecosystems, such as pollination of crops, pest control by predators, water purification or soil renewal. These changes affect not only the interactions between insects and plants but also natural and agricultural ecosystems (Körner 2000; Theurillat and Guisan 2001). , growth and fecundity) and population dynamics of aphids (Holopainen 2002; Percy et al. 2002; Awmack et al. 2004). Aphids are a good model for studying the effects of environmental change since they have short life cycles, with several generations per year, and a high fecundity (Dixon 1985).

Slopes appeared not to depend on life cycle type (Fig. 5). Removal of the outliers for A. solani, M. ascalonicus, S. fragariae and N. 3 days per year and generally made no difference to the overall conclusions. However, after removal of the outlier for M. 78 days per year. For M. 3, Fig. 6). 57 days at Writtle). 2, Fig. 7). 37 days in Aphis fabae). Slopes appeared not to depend on life cycle type (Fig. 7). Removal of the outlier 48 R. Harrington and S. Clark Fig. 4 Annual Julian date of first suction trap record (y-axis) against mean screen temperature for January and February (◦ C, x-axis) for Myzus persicae at 12 suction trap sites with regression lines superimposed (Rothamsted shown in Fig.

Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK Heie OE (1967) Studies on fossil aphids (Homoptera: Aphidoidea), especially in the Copenhagen collection of fossils in Baltic amber. Spolia Zoologica Musei Hauniensis 26:1–274 Heie OE (1987) Morphological structures and adaptation. In: Minks AK, Harrewijn P (eds) Aphids: their biology, natural enemies and control. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 393–400 Heie OE (1996) The evolutionary history of aphids and a hypothesis on the coevolution of aphids and plants. Bollettino di Zoologia Agraria e di Bachicoltura 28:149–155 2 Aphids in a Changing World 39 Heie OE, Peñalver E (1999) Palaeophylloxera nov.

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