Arguments, Stories and Criminal Evidence: A Formal Hybrid by Floris J. Bex

By Floris J. Bex

In this booklet a idea of reasoning with proof within the context of felony situations is constructed. the most topic of this research isn't the legislations of facts yet particularly the rational means of evidence, which comprises developing, trying out and justifying eventualities approximately what occurred utilizing proof and common-sense wisdom. A important subject within the e-book is the research of ones reasoning, in order that advanced styles are made extra specific and transparent. This research makes use of tales approximately what occurred and arguments to anchor those tales in facts. hence the argumentative and the narrative techniques from the study in criminal philosophy and criminal psychology are mixed. as the e-book describes its topics in either a casual and a proper type, it's proper for students in felony philosophy, AI, good judgment and argumentation concept. The booklet may also entice practitioners within the investigative and felony professions, who're drawn to the ways that they could and will cause with evidence.

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The process usually starts when some initial observations are made, that is, when some initial evidence is found. On the basis of this preliminary evidence one or more initial hypotheses will have to be imagined. Some of these initial hypotheses will be immediately discarded as implausible, while others have to be tested by searching for further evidence and then determining which of them are compatible with the new evidence. When a particular hypothesis has been chosen as the most likely, this choice should be justified by explicitly showing that it is most compatible with the evidence.

In Fig. e. causal and evidential) have been represented. cause effect, effect effect cause cause, cause Fig. 1 Different ways of modeling explanatory reasoning 18 It can be argued that this is only the case when c is a typical cause of e. 3 Reasoning in the Process of Proof 29 There is a third way of modelling explanatory reasoning, namely with relations which can be expressed as an explanatory generalization of the form “a explains b”. Because this explains relation is symmetrical, the knowledge about smoke and fire can essentially be modelled as either “smoke explains fire” or “fire explains smoke”.

Note that the inferences in an evidential argument are of an evidential nature: some evidence e and an evidential generalization “e is evidence for p” allows us to infer p. For example, a witness “ testimony” I saw someone who looked like Haaknat got into the car on the 21st of October’ and the generalization “a witness testimony that ‘p’ is evidence for p”, where p is some state of affairs in the world, allows us to infer that the witness saw someone who looked like Haaknat get into the car. 1 shows how a proposition can be inferred from a piece of evidence: the evidential datum e (rendered as a coloured box) and the generalization g (rendered as a rounded box) together allow us to infer the conclusion c; here, the inference itself is rendered as an arrow with a closed head.

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