Automation: The Future of Weed Control in Cropping Systems by Stephen L. Young, Francis J. Pierce

By Stephen L. Young, Francis J. Pierce

This booklet shifts the paradigm that weeds can merely be managed utilizing broadcast purposes of chemical and mechanical thoughts in exact spatiotemporal scales, also known as built-in weed administration. actually, real built-in weed administration is greater than simply diversification of strategies and for the 1st time will be accomplished utilizing complex applied sciences. automatic weed regulate isn't the proverbial ‘silver bullet’, yet a wholly new technique in cropping structures the place a number of weed keep an eye on suggestions can be found to be used on the comparable time.
In an automatic approach, sensor and desktop applied sciences onboard a robotic might first categorize each plant in a farmer’s box as both weed or crop, after which cross directly to determine the species of weed. as soon as these identifications have been made, a number of weed battling thoughts positioned on a unmarried platform may be utilized to person crops in keeping with their biology. If the method pointed out a weed that’s immune to Roundup™, for instance, it may be spritzed with a unique herbicide. Or an onboard slicing or flaming micro-tool will be used to kill the plant instead.
The creation of a booklet that addresses weed regulate of the longer term may have profound affects on present and destiny cropping structures around the globe. up to now, no different source exists in this vital and swiftly advancing subject of automatic weed keep an eye on in cropping platforms. within the close to destiny, a brand new process should be wanted for coping with weeds, in particular with the demanding situations of weed resistance to herbicides, off-site move of soil, fertilizers, and chemical compounds, an more and more non-agrarian public, exertions shortages, economies in recession, and the continuing rural to suburban land use conversion. Automation is a part of the solution.

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Extra info for Automation: The Future of Weed Control in Cropping Systems

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Accessed 14 July 2011 Huber B (2011) The world of organic agriculture: regulations and certification emerging trends 2011. Paper presented at BioFach Congress, Nürnberg, 16–19 February 2011 IFOAM (2005) International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movements, Annual reports 2005–2006, Bonn, Germany IFOAM (2010) International federation of organic agricultural movements, annual report 2010, Bonn Kristiansen P, Merfield C (2006) Overview of organic agriculture. In: Kristiansen P, Taji A, Reganold J (eds) Organic agriculture, a global perspective.

Natural Marketing Institute, Harleysville Bandeen et al (1979) Annual meeting of the Weed Science Society of America 1979 (Abstract), p 108 Birzer T, Badgery W (2006) Organic wheat farming in Australia: issues farmers face. AFBM 3(2):1–13 Bowman G (ed) (1997) Steel in the field; a farmer’s guide to weed management tools, Handbook series book 2. Sustainable Agriculture Network, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville Boydston RA, Mojtahedi H, Crosslin JM, Brown CR, Anderson T (2008) Effect of hairy nightshade (Solanum sarrachoides) presence on potato nematodes, diseases, and insect pests.

An integrated approach to weed management is required to prevent or retard the development of resistant weed populations. Use of diverse crop rotations and cultural practices that suppress weeds and mechanical, biological, and chemical control methods all contribute to slowing or preventing the development of resistant weeds. New technologies such as robotic weeders could be used to compliment current weed control methods by eliminating seed production of escape weeds and providing new selection pressure unrelated to that of herbicides.

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