"By My Absolute Royal Authority": Justice and the Castilian by J. B. Owens

By J. B. Owens

"By My Absolute Royal Authority": Justice and the Castilian Commonwealth initially of the 1st worldwide Age is a examine of judicial management. From the 15th century to the 17th, the dominion of Castile skilled a extraordinary proliferation of judicial associations, which historians have usually visible as a part of a metanarrative of "state-building." but, Castile's frontiers have been tremendous porous, and a crown executive which can now not regulate the kingdom's borders exhibited neither the power to procure info and form affairs, nor the centrality of court docket politics that many historians declare that allows you to craft a tidy narrative of this era. Castilians retained their loyalty to the monarchy no longer as a result of the "power" of the associations of a constructing "state," yet simply because they shared an identification as voters of a commonwealth within which a excessive worth was once given to justice as an final goal of the political neighborhood and a conviction that the sovereign possessed "absolute royal authority" to determine that justice used to be performed. This expectation served as a origin for the political identification and loyalty that held jointly for numerous centuries the disparate and globally-dispersed domain names of the Hispanic Monarchy, yet perceptions of the way good crown judicial associations labored have been a basic determinant of the measure of aid a monarch may well allure to fulfill financial and army objectives. This booklet maps a part of this strange terrain via a microhistory of a longer, excessive profile lawsuit that was once conscientiously watched by way of generations of Castilian leaders. Justices from the past due 15th century to the reign of Philip II had hassle resolving the clash as the right workout of "absolute royal authority" was once itself the primary criminal factor and the dispute pitted opposed to one another participants of vital teams who confirmed a bent to offer prominence to varied interpretive schemes as they attempted to understand their international. The account brings jointly political principles and political motion by means of giving severe awareness to how good royal justices have been capable of deal with tough, trendy proceedings that raised politically troubling questions and concerned significant litigants. J. B. Owens is professor of the background and director of the Glenn E. Tyler assortment at Idaho country collage, the place he focuses on Spanish historical past and using Geographic info platforms for learn and instructing.

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By this time, the infantes’ own insecurity was heightened to the point where they more vigorously pursued the economic and political roles they hoped would make their position unassailable. However, this assertiveness only served to build grandee support for Luna’s return the following year, and the infantes’ campaign for hegemony collapsed by 1432. There was no way that Alvaro de Luna, who had received the prestigious title of royal condestable (“constable”; honorary aristocratic Court official), could gain a permanent advantage because his aggressive efforts to build the wealth and political position of his House had raised the territorial aristocracy’s suspicions about his intentions.

25 In the midst of growing insecurity after the king’s marriage, Gutierre de Sotomayor appeared unsure of the constancy of John II’s favor. After he learned in March 1448 from Córdoba’s representatives that Diego de Orellana, Gutierre’s nephew and seignioral alcalde mayor for Gahete and Hinojosa, had taken Fuenteovejuna and some pasture land from the city of Córdoba, claiming that they belonged to Gahete and Hinojosa, the king wrote to Córdoba’s council from Valladolid. John said he was shocked by the actions of the master of Alcántara because he had made him no grant of the municipality, and he gave the city permission to resist the aggression and maintain its possession of the area involved.

14 The book takes as the extended trouble case at its narrative center a dispute, prolonged for well over a century, between a major municipal corporation, that of the city of Toledo, and an important aristocratic family, ultimately represented by the House of Béjar. Contemporaries often called it the Belalcázar lawsuit because it initially involved one of the House of Béjar’s aggregated titles, that of count of Belalcázar. 15 The quarrel centered on control of the so-called viscounty of Puebla de Alcocer, a relatively large territory in northeastern Extremadura, south of the Guadiana River at the western edge of the Montes de Toledo (see maps 1 and 2).

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