Carnap’s Ideal of Explication and Naturalism by Pierre Wagner (auth.)

By Pierre Wagner (auth.)

The ebook includes a sequence of chapters on Carnap's perfect of explication as a substitute to the naturalistic conceptions of technology, surroundings it in its ancient context, discussing particular circumstances of explications, and enriching the on-going debate on conceptual engineering and naturalism in analytic philosophy.

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Extra resources for Carnap’s Ideal of Explication and Naturalism

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Thyssen adhered to the position of critical realism (which is to be distinguished from ‘naïve’ realism). In a relevant paper, Thyssen critically notes that ‘the treatment of the problem of realism’ has, in German philosophy, ‘mostly been characterized by neglect of this basic problem ever since the recession of neo-Kantianism and the wake of Lebensphilosophie’. The reasons for this neglect, according to Thyssen, are ‘a lack of interest’ on the one hand, but also, on the other hand, ‘that realism has been forced onto the defensive by positions in some way linking the world to the subject’ (Thyssen 1959, p.

Heyting (cf. Becker 2005b, pp. 127, 130 and esp. 131–2). , p. 126). But then, he adds: What interests me most is the following question: To what extent is intuitionist mathematics (as developed so far) able to provide a foundation for theoretical physics? This question seems to me to be a philosophically decisive one. , p. ] life’ (Carnap 1928a/2003, p. xviii, preface to the first edition). F. Gethmann (1988, pp. 21 Admittedly, however, Heidegger exaggerates the instrumentalism of life through a heroism of life – through Entschlossenheit and Eigentlichkeit.

Formal languages are central to Carnap’s philosophical enterprise because it is by their means that the precise communication of the logical and linguistic elements of a scientific language or theory may be achieved, and because they help us make rigorous the intuitive distinction between formal and empirical justifications in science. These tools clarify our expression of the ontological, semantical, and logical commitments of a speaker, aiding in the resolution or at least clarification of philosophical ‘disputes’ – which in certain cases, Carnap believed, were ultimately based upon nothing more, and nothing less, than choice of logic and/or language: a choice that might be defended on pragmatic, but not a priori compelling rational grounds.

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