This publication covers sensible layout and format, together with info and examples of ordinary air-con piping platforms - piping layout, common, water piping, refrigerant piping, steam piping.
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Additional info for Carrier Piping Design
Friction pressure drop in the liquid line includes accessories such as solenoid valve, strainer, drier and hand valves, as well as the actual pipe and fittings from the receiver outlet to the refrigerant feed device at the evaporator. Pressure drop in the suction line means a loss in system capacity because it forces the compressor to operate at a lower suction pressure to maintain the desired evaporator temperature. Standard practice is to size the suction line for a pressure drop of approximately two degrees charge in saturation temperature.
Valves, strainers and traps must be omitted from the expansion line since these may be accidentally turned off of become plugged. Figure 55 illustrates the piping diagram for a closed tank. Drain Line Piping Moisture that forms on the cooling coils must be collected and carried off as waste. On factory fabricated fan-coil units a drain pan is used to collect this moisture. For built-up systems the floor or base of the system (before and after the cooling coil) is used to gather the moisture. Since, under operating conditions.
If the pump is selected for the calculated head plus safety factors, the pump must handle a larger water quantity. When this occurs and provision is not made to throttle or bypass the excess water flow, the possibility of pump motor overload exists. Again, if the pump is selected for maximum water quantity and diversity is not applied, the water flow must be throttled. This increases the pump head. SYSTEM ACCESSORIES AND LAYOUT This section discusses the function and selection of piping accessories and describes piping layout techniques for coils, condensers, coolers, air washers, cooling towers, pumps and expansion tanks.