By S. Maatsch
In 2001 Germany and Austria grew to become the final ecu states to boost transnational controls limiting entry to their labour markets for voters of ex-communist nations. This booklet demanding situations anti-immigration discourses to teach that given the excessive percent of expert immigrants, it's the sending instead of the receiving nations who lose out.
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Extra resources for Central and East European Migrants’ Contributions to Social Protection
Though the focus of the present book is on the macroeconomic impact of migration, the migration decisions will be modelled based on the microeconomic theory of migration. After all, whether migration is beneﬁcial to at least one of the countries involved very much depends on the mechanism that deﬁnes who is moving and who is staying. Economic scholars agree that those who have the highest incentive to migrate are those who are most likely to do so. But who has the highest incentive? As we will see, this depends very much on one of the most fundamental and most contested features of microeconomic modelling: the shape of the utility function.
Secondly, we will inquire whether or not the fulﬁlment of these ends is compromised by opening the borders for migration. Here again, different assumptions will be compared: mobility of contributors and of recipients. 2 However, existing theoretical models using capital as the tax base can often be easily reformulated in terms of high-skilled and low-skilled labour. Economic rationales for redistribution Economic theorists have put forth a number of different justiﬁcations for redistribution among individuals with different pre-tax incomes.
They explain why labour migration in Europe is not what it used to be some ﬁfty years ago. 12 Who Migrates? 13 In order to explain the characteristics of a particular wave of migration, we need an idea of the applicable theories. In this book, we focus on the recent migration from Central and Eastern Europe to Western and Southern Europe that started in the late 1980s and lasts until today, and hence on the theories that help explain the movement of several million inhabitants in a relatively short period of time.