Charles S. Peirce, 1839-1914 : an intellectual biography by Gérard Deledalle

By Gérard Deledalle

This paintings is the highbrow biography of the best of yankee philosophers. Peirce used to be not just a pioneer in common sense and the author of a philosophical stream pragmatism he additionally proposed a phenomenological idea, rather varied from that of Husserl, yet equivalent in profundity; and lengthy prior to Saussure, and in a unconditionally diversified spirit, a semiotic concept whose current curiosity owes not anything to passing type and every little thing to its fecundity. all through his lifestyles Peirce wrote always approximately signal and phenomenon (or phaneron). accordingly his writings has to be studied chronologically if the.

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Charles Peirce took an interest in chemistry and mathematics at a very early age. He read Whately's Logic when he was twelve and at the age of sixteen he had already begun to make a thorough study of Critique of Pure Reason, under the guidance of his father. At university he was to devote himself in particular to studies in science and philosophy, his curriculum included Reid, Jouffroy, Mill's Logic and Thomson's The Law of Thought. But he also read Locke, Hume and Hobbes. Empiricism could have kept him chained forever in the depths of the cave had he not read Kant.

PEIRCE true," the conclusion, under favourable conditions, will activate the premisses, in other words, cause him to act and say that the conclusion is true. 268). Under the influence of Duns Scotus Peirce did not take long to give a name to this organic equivalent of inference. It is habit. "There are two ways in which a thing may be in the mind — says Peirce in his review of Berkeley's work — habitualiter and actualiter. 18). Thereby "mental association" is more than a simple association of ideas obeying the three principles of resemblance, contiguity and causality: "The association of ideas consists in this, that a judgement occasions another judgement, of which it is the sign.

The whole of the psychology of the faculties is called into question here and, through it Cartesian thought with its phenomenalist and idealist, including Kantian, expressions. 63) as Peirce was to say later. In the first article of the series, "Questions Concerning Certain Faculties Claimed for Man," Peirce asks himself in a Kantian fashion and in scholastic form what the conditions are of the possibility of cognition. Peirce proposes seven questions, four of which relate to the faculties and three to the possibility of knowing otherwise than by means of the faculties of knowledge.

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