Children of the Laboring Poor (Studies in Central European by Thomas Max Safley

By Thomas Max Safley

A better half quantity to Charity and economic system within the Orphanages of Early smooth Augsburg, this e-book takes up the business enterprise and individuality of the laboring terrible and their young children. It examines the commercial lives of negative, distressed, or truncated households at the foundation of 5,734 biographical descriptions of kids who undergone the town, Catholic, and Lutheran orphanages of Augsburg among 1572 and 1806. Studied along with administrative, felony, and monetary files of assorted kinds, those “Orphan Books” exhibit the laboring bad as versatile and adaptive. Their fates have been made up our minds neither by way of the poverty they suffered nor the charity they bought. quite, they answered to altering fiscal and social stipulations by utilizing Augsburg’s orphanages to increase their assets, deal with their young children, and create possibilities. The findings will curiosity historians of poverty, charity, hard work, and the Reformation.

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The crime was sensational and would have been hard to conceal. Indeed, his accusers claimed that Caspar made no attempt to do so, spending too freely in its aftermath. Quite apart from the material evidence against him, it fits with other indications of what might be considered his ambition. Lacking investment capital to expand their pursuits, small tradesmen usually limited their business activities to their immediate vicinity. In Augsburg they tended to operate within the walls. Yet, Caspar was an outsider who settled in the city and purchased his citizenship.

Thus, a Nahrung placed its holder within a complex social network, required of him certain commitments and 29 Fischer, Städtische Armut und Armenfürsorge im 15. und 16. Jahrhundert, 33. Hector Amman, Die Schaffhauser Wirtschaft im Mittelalter (Thayngen, 1949); Ingrid Bàtori and Erdmann Weyrauch, Die bürgerliche Elite der Stadt Kitzingen. Studien zur Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte einer landesherrlichen Stadt im 16. Jahrhundert (Stuttgart, 1982), esp. 54–68; A. v. , Gesellschaftlicher Unterschichten in den sudwestdeutschen Städten (Stuttgart, 1967), 1–74; idem, “Die Unterschichten der mittelalterlichen Städte Deutschlands” in Städte und Menschen (Wiesbaden, 1980), 74–82; Hans Conrad Peyer, Leinwandgewerbe und Tuchhandel der Stadt St.

See Kießling, Bürgerliche Gesellschaft und Kirche, 217; Clasen, “Armenfürsorge in Augsburg,” 70. 48 Clasen, “Armenfürsorge im 16. Jahrhundert,” 337–338. 49 Clasen, “Armenfürsorge im 16. Jahrhundert,” 338. ”51 The more charity the city provided, the more poor people appeared to need it. The authorities had no choice but to shut the gates and attempt to deal with the city’s inhabitants first. Thus, by the late sixteenth century, the poor were identified and categorized according to several criteria.

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