By Dennis Washburn, A. Kevin Reinhart
This quantity considers the idea that of conversion as a device for realizing variations to modernity. It examines conversions to modernity in the Ottoman area, India, China, and Japan as a response to the pressures of colonialism and imperialism.
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Extra info for Converting Cultures: Religion, Ideology and Transformations of Modernity (Social Sciences in Asia)
65 The new document also called for the worship of Amaterasu as the sovereign deity of heaven and earth. The Missonary OfÀce asked that it be promulgated in the emperor’s name, demonstrating his theocratic authority implied in the principle of the unity of rite and rule. 66 The difference is signiÀcant, for the Meiji leadership deliberately chose not to issue an ofÀcial theological doctrine in the name of the emperor, an act that would have clearly established 61 Miyachi Masato, “Kokka shintÔ keiseikatei no mondaiten,” in ShÖkyÔ to kokka, p.
187. , p. 180. , p. 187. 21 Åkuni Takamasa, “Shin shinkÔhÔron narabini furoku” (1867) in Hirata Atsutane, Ban Nobutomo, Åkuni Takamasa, Nihon shisÔ taikei vol. 50, ed. Tahara Tsuguo, et al. (Tokyo: Iwanami shoten, 1973), pp. 494–6; idem, “GyÔju mondo” (1855–6) in Åkuni Takamasa zenshÖ vol. 1, ed. Nomura DenshirÔ (Tokyo: Kokusho kankokai, 2001), p. 83. 10 trent maxey and the Nihon Shoki (720). From these, he insisted, the scholar of Native Learning should argue that Christian cosmogony is merely a corrupted version of Japan’s creation myths, and the Christian God is the same as Ama-no-minakanushi, the creator deity Åkuni equates with Amaterasu, the imperial progenitress.
8, 9. Miyachi, “ShÖkyÔ kankei hÔrei ichiran,” p. 426. the crisis of “conversion ” 17 At present Japan has just been newly organized and the maintenance of a single, uniform faith (shinkÔ) is necessary for good governance. The sudden introduction of a foreign religion (shÖkyÔ) will only produce frightening confusion. 48 Governance, in short, demanded a uniform conversionary identity. To establish its prerogative to prosecute the Urakami Christians, the Meiji leadership cited the Treaty of Commerce and Navigation signed by the Tokugawa shogunate and the United States in 1858.