Criminal Belief Systems: An Integrated-Interactive Theory of by Glenn D. Walters

By Glenn D. Walters

Walters integrates info from conventional criminological types and findings from developmental psychology to shape a process of 5 trust structures (self-view, world-view, past-view, present-view, and future-view) designed to provide an explanation for crime initiation and upkeep. whereas reviewing trust platforms that help crime, Walters additionally deals a version of swap in which trust structures incongruent with crime might be constructed.He starts with a evaluation of six conventional criminological types, every one of that's thought of to own enough breadth and substance to develop our realizing of crime. info amassed from those significant theoretical structures is built-in wtih examine from developmental psychology to create a method of crime-congruent trust structures. the idea structures, besides contemporary study on attributions, end result expectations, efficacy expectations, values, objectives, and considering kinds, are then used to build a basic theroy of crime and clarify 4 particular different types of crime: violent crime, sexual attack, white-collar crime, and drug tafficking. Walters concludes with a version of assisted switch wherein trust platforms incongruent with crime are initiated and maintained with the reason of assisting humans abandon crime-congruent life. this modification version revolves round 4 middle elements?€”responsibility, self belief, which means, community?€”each of that's emphasised in a clinician's interactions with consumers looking to abandon crime-congruent existence. As Walters continues, trust platforms are instrumental in either the advance and cessation of crime-congruent life. Of specific curiosity to students, scholars, researchers, and practitioners concerned with criminology, legal justice, and medical and correctional psychology.

Show description

Read or Download Criminal Belief Systems: An Integrated-Interactive Theory of Lifestyles PDF

Best jurisprudence books

Hyperbolic Conservation Laws in Continuum Physics

This masterly exposition of the mathematical conception of hyperbolic process legislation brings out the intimate reference to continuum thermodynamics, emphasizing matters during which the research could exhibit whatever in regards to the physics and, in go back, the underlying actual constitution may possibly direct and force the research.

Importing the Law in Post-Communist Transitions: The Hungarian Constitutional Court and the Right to Human Dignity (Human Rights Law in Perspective)

This publication, one of many first actual monographs at the Hungarian Constitutional court docket on hand in English, is a distinct research of the delivery of a brand new criminal method after the cave in of communism in important and jap Europe. It exhibits that the genesis of the hot criminal order was resolute by way of enormous Western involvement and an extraordinary move of export/import of legislations.

Regulating Labour in the Wake of Globalisation: New Challenges, New Institutions (Columbia-London Law)

In fresh a long time, the existing reaction to the matter of unacceptable exertions marketplace results in either Europe and North the US — nationwide legislation of work criteria and exertions kinfolk, coupled with collective bargaining — has come less than expanding strain from the commercial and technological forces linked to globalization.

Law and Opinion in Scotland During the Seventeenth Century

In Britain, at the least, adjustments within the legislations are anticipated to be made via the enactment of statutes or the choice of situations via senior judges. legal professionals convey reviews concerning the legislations, yet don't anticipate their reviews to shape a part of the legislations. It used to be no longer constantly so. This e-book explores the connection among the reviews expressed by means of attorneys and the advance of the legislation of Scotland within the century previous the parliamentary union with England in 1707, whilst it used to be determined that the non-public legislation of Scotland was once sufficiently exact and coherent to be worthwhile of renovation.

Extra resources for Criminal Belief Systems: An Integrated-Interactive Theory of Lifestyles

Sample text

Concluding that people act on the basis of their wants and desires is not the same as recognizing that they are motivated by intricate and sometimes contradictory thoughts and beliefs. Research indicates that by age 3 years there is a discernible shift in which the child moves from a simple desire theory of mind to a more complex belief-desire theory of mind (Wellman, 1990). Emotional understanding is another way that children demonstrate an appreciation of mind. Research discloses that while perceiving the relationship between emotion and behavior and solving a false belief task are clearly related, they are probably best viewed as distinct aspects of social cognition (Cutting & Dunn, 1999).

Without access to the mother's emotional reaction, the child will be confused as to how to interpret many of the ambiguous stimuli to which he or she is exposed. Social referencing, perhaps because it merges affect, cognition, and behavior, appears to facilitate a child's preliminary understanding of causal relationships (Desrochers, Ricard, Decarie, & Allard, 1994). It should also be noted that even though mothers have been studied nearly exclusively in research on social referencing, children also look to their fathers and friendly strangers to make sense out of life's uncertainties.

Before revering genetics as the source of all human interaction, we might want to consider that temperament is never fully genetic except at the moment of conception. In fact, Caporael (1997) takes exception to the history of genocentrism that pervades traditional evolutionary theory. Asserting that evolutionary principles function at several different levels-gene, person, group-Caporael offers a cogent argument in favor of the hypothesis that these differing levels overlap and interact with one another as part of a complex evolutionary process.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.44 of 5 – based on 5 votes