By Gregory Bassham
This well known textual content is helping modern scholars bridge the space among daily tradition and significant pondering. utilizing a confirmed step by step method, this article covers the entire fundamentals of serious pondering, in transparent, reader-friendly language. Its comprehensiveness permits teachers to tailor the fabric to their person educating types, leading to a very flexible textual content.
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Additional info for Critical Thinking: A Student's Introduction
The most popular form of relativism is moral relativism, which holds that what is morally right and good varies from individual to individual (moral subjectivism) or from culture to culture (cultural moral relativism). Wishful thinking is believing something because it makes one feel good, not because there is good reason for thinking that it is true. 4. Critical thinkers exhibit a number of traits that distinguish them from uncritical thinkers. Among the most important of these traits are a passionate drive for clarity, precision, accuracy, and other intellectual standards that characterize careful, disciplined thinking; a sensitivity to the ways in which critical thinking can be skewed by egocentrism, wishful thinking, and other psychological obstacles to rational belief; honesty and intellectual humility; open-mindedness; intellectual courage; love of truth; and intellectual perseverance.
Rescuers probably wouldn’t be dispatched until Friday, five days from now, when your failure to show up in port would finally arouse concern. On the third day, your passengers showed increasing signs of frustration, anger, and fear. ” Marie cried. ” You knew she was right. We can’t, you thought, not all of us anyway. On the fourth day, the food was completely gone, and just enough water remained to keep perhaps three people alive for another day, maybe two. Suddenly, things got worse. ” Marie screamed, pointing a shaking finger at the bottom of the lifeboat.
In math and science, there are arguments and disagreements, but not nearly to the extent there are in ethics. In ethics there is widespread disagreement, the disagreements often go very deep, and there seems to be no rational way to resolve many of them. What this shows, some people conclude, is that there is no objective truth in ethics; morality is just a matter of individual or societal opinion. Another reason people find cultural moral relativism attractive is that it seems to support the value of tolerance.